Periodontal Disease Treatment
In its early stages, gum disease is called gingivitis. Gums may be red and bleed a little when you brush, but otherwise you may not notice anything. At this point, the gum disease can be reversed with proper dental care and modification of your home routine. However, if not treated, the gingivitis can get worse and you might start to notice bleeding from your gums when eating harder foods.
As gingivitis progresses, an infection develops where the gum is attached to the teeth. You may see puffy gums, traces of blood on your toothbrush, or a change of colour in your gums. Even with these symptoms, you still might not experience any pain in your mouth.
If not treated, over time gingivitis can lead to the breakdown of your gum, bone, and other tissues that are holding your teeth in place.
The treatment we provide will depend upon the type and severity of the gum disease. If caught in the early stages, 1 or 2 hygiene cleanings and further home care instruction will generally be the recommended treatment. If the disease has progressed to advanced stages, then deep cleaning through scaling, irrigation and root planing will be required. Calculus and plaque are removed from above and below the gum line allowing the gums to heal. To control the infection and help with healing, medications and mouth rinses may also be recommended.
If this treatment does not heal the gums, periodontal surgery and/or referral to a periodontist may be recommended.